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A Survey of System Development Process Models

Abstract

Introduction

Typical Tasks in the Development Process Life Cycle

Process Model/Life-Cycle Variations

Ad-hoc Development

The Waterfall Model

Iterative Development

Prototyping

The Exploratory Model

The Spiral Model

The Reuse Model

Creating and Combining Models

Summary

References

The Exploratory Model

In some situations it is very difficult, if not impossible, to identify any of the requirements for a system at the beginning of the project. Theoretical areas such as Artificial Intelligence are candidates for using the Exploratory Model, because much of the research in these areas is based on guess-work, estimation, and hypothesis. In these cases, an assumption is made as to how the system might work and then rapid iterations are used to quickly incorporate suggested changes and build a usable system. A distinguishing characteristic of the Exploratory Model is the absence of precise specifications. Validation is based on adequacy of the end result and not on its adherence to pre-conceived requirements.

The Exploratory Model is extremely simple in its construction; it is composed of the following steps:


Problems/Challenges associated with the Exploratory Model

There are numerous criticisms of the Exploratory Model: