CTG is supporting New York State in its efforts to ensure broadband is universally available so that every New Yorker can fully participate in the modern digital economy. One of the first steps toward achieving this goal is to clearly understand the existing broadband landscape. In support of activities by the New York State Broadband Development and Deployment Council, CTG is working with the NYS Office of Cyber Security (OCS) on several initiatives to help the state develop a clear picture of where broadband service gaps exist. The results of these initiatives will be used by the state to help guide policy decisions and direct future resources and investments in broadband infrastructure.
Broadband, sometimes referred to as high-speed Internet, is a critical engine for communities to enhance social and economic well-being and a vital resource to educate our youth, create jobs, promote public safety, and deliver essential services such as healthcare. Universal broadband capabilities enable state and local governments to provide better and more cost efficient services. Yet, broadband in New York State and across the United States is not what it needs to be for residents and businesses to realize all the potential benefits. The United States is behind many countries in the adoption of broadband technology.
To close this gap, New York State is working to fulfill the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) requirements for New York’s portion of the national broadband map, at the same time gathering information to support important broadband policy work within New York State as laid out in the state's Broadband Strategic Roadmap. As part of this initiative, OCS has also launched the New York State Broadband Mapping website, where visitors can query the map by street address to discover the types of broadband services available at any New York State location, with accompanying provider contact information.
This project comprises three components, all of which have their own scopes of work, described in detail below:
CTG developed a website with a speed test tool to independently test the speed of broadband service available to New York State residents. CTG is collecting, analyzing, and reporting the results to OCS, who is using the results to validate the data on its interactive NYS Broadband Map.
CTG designed and implemented a website to host the broadband speed test at http://www.nyspeedtest.org/.
In consultation with OCS, CTG identified the M-Lab speed test application, currently being used by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), as best suited to meet the needs of the project. Factors used in selecting the testing tool included how it collects speed test data, ease of use, the kind of data it can collect, how it stores it, how it makes data available (access to database, routine reporting, etc.), and the robust testing infrastructure used to conduct the speed tests.
CTG is asking testers to measure their upload and download speeds, then submit this data and information about their geographic location, their connection type, and their access point.
CTG designed a data collection plan to recruit a sufficient number of residential broadband speed testers to reliably represent the experienced broadband speed within as many broadband service areas as possible. This data is being collected over a five year period (2010-2014) with the understanding that actual speeds are impacted by many factors beyond the technical capabilities of the broadband infrastructure, including the time of day, the number of users online at that time, the capacity of the customer’s equipment including the modem, and other factors.
In coordination with OCS, CTG designed a database for collecting and storing speed test results and other submitted information, is conducting preliminary analysis, and providing data to OCS. CTG will manage the survey data collected and conduct some preliminary analysis to determine how the data collected is meeting the sampling strategy and OCS’s requirements for reporting results to NTIA.
CTG is conducting outreach to the over 10,000 community anchor institutions (i.e. library, hospital, school, firehouse) in New York State to answer a series of questions related to their broadband access. Anchor institutions are essential to providing broadband access to unserved and underserved populations unable to maintain computer service in individual homes because of financial or technological impediments.
New York State is participating in a national program to map the availability of broadband, or high-speed Internet service. The program is part of a national effort administered by the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA). As part of this program, the NYS Office of Cyber Security (OCS) is tasked with gathering data about broadband services at Community Anchor Institutions. Community Anchor Institutions (CAIs) are places where citizens who lack broadband at home can make use of the Internet or where a broadband connection is critical to the services they provide.
The data collected is required as part of OCS’s bi-annual data deliveries to the NTIA. Collecting data about the broadband services available at CAIs will help the state create a comprehensive map depicting locations where high speed Internet services are currently available, and where they are not.
Examples of Community Anchor Institutions include:
OSC has partnered with CTG to develop new online data collection strategy and forms to expand their outreach efforts for collecting data from community anchor institutions (CAI). This work is an extension of the NYS Broadband Speed Test project currently underway between CTG and OCS to collect broadband speed information from NYS residents.
CTG created a web form for users to answer 6 broad questions. Those questions are:
By collecting this information, the state will create a comprehensive map depicting locations where high speed internet services are currently available, and where they are not. Participating in data collection of broadband service information will help to improve, enhance and better target broadband resources throughout the state.
As part of an outreach strategy, OCS has identified key agencies and organizations, as well as key contacts within those agencies/organizations, to participate in completing the CAI reporting form.
CTG conducted a survey of NYS residents to collect data about availability of broadband and factors affecting decisions by households and individuals to subscribe to such services. After analyzing the data and survey findings, CTG issued a report that included recommendations to the state for future broadband planning, policy, and programming.
This project was undertaken in response to a request from the New York State Office of Cyber Security (OCS) in support of the activities of the New York State Broadband Development and Deployment Council. OCS is the recipient of a State Broadband Data and Development grant funded by the National Telecommunications Information Administration. The project was designed to develop and apply a method for answering basic questions about the access to and adoption of broadband internet services by New York State households.
The survey design and development are the product of a collaboration among the CTG project team and staff of the Center for Survey Research (CSR) at Stony Brook, SUNY. The CSR conducted the data collection portion of the project. CTG was responsible for designing the data analysis and reporting of project results. The CTG project team collaborated with The Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government (RIG) for assistance with data analysis and presentation materials under the direction and support of the CTG team.
The project research addressed these questions:
The project team sought answers to these questions with household surveys planned to occur in two phases. Phase 1 included analysis of data from completed surveys collected up to January 5, 2011, presented in a preliminary report. The second phase covers all data from the 2064 surveys in the preliminary report combined with an additional 980 collected to complete the minimum of 3000 surveys called for in the project plan.
Two sampling levels were used: (1) a sample of 1,002 New York State residents chosen to be representative of the state as a whole (the New York State sample); and (2) an oversample of 2,042 New York State residents in low income counties selected to represent concentrations of underserved populations. A minimum of 1,000 completed surveys was required for the statewide sample, with 1,002 reported here, and 2,042 additional completed surveys for the low income counties with median family incomes below 80 percent of the state average.
The survey instrument was developed by the CRS and CTG, based in part on the recent surveys by the FCC and the Social Sciences Research Council. The instrument includes questions about the respondent’s demographic characteristics, location, availability of, access to, types of internet use, purchase decisions for broadband services, reasons for use/non use, and related technical information. All but two items are closed-end, fixed choice in form.
Surveys were conducted by telephone, including land line and cellular. The overall data collection was concluded in as short a time as possible to limit the effects of changes in broadband services or availability.
At the completion of the survey phases, the CSR submitted the survey results (an SPSS file) along with sufficient documentation of the data structure and coding to support comprehensive analysis. Aside from reviewing the data for purposes of error checking and cleaning, the polling organization was not responsible for additional analysis or narrative reporting concerning the results. The CSR was responsible for submitting a written report describing the polling methods and any additional information needed to support subsequent analysis. The Rockefeller Institute provided data analysis with methodological comments and preparation of results in tables or charts.
CTG prepared the final report: Broadband Internet Service Adoption and Use in New York State Households.