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Information Infrastructure and Society

This category reflects government IT issues that span multiple programs within government, those that cross between government agencies and levels of government, as well as those that involve communication and coordination between government, citizens, industry, and non-profit organizations. Kraemer and King (1987) discuss the growing use of information technologies such as telecommunications and management science at all levels of the US Federal systems in terms of its significance to the US Constitution. They indicate that the following aspects of the federal systems are particularly susceptible to disruption due to changes in technology: federal inter-branch relations, intergovernmental relations, relations between government and the people, and political process functions. They propose that these balances are under daily attack by computerization but they tend to be affected primarily at the margins, such as cases where computerization provides a temporary inequity in advantage to one level or agency. They conclude that currently, computerization is not a threat to constitutional arrangements but that it could eventually put at risk personal privacy and political elections and, perhaps to a lesser extent, the separation of powers and federalism.