Conceptualizing Smart City with Dimensions of Technology, People, and Institutions

Taewoo Nam and Theresa Pardo
June 12, 2011


Smart City conceptsProceedings of the 12th Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research (dg.o 2011), Sun, 12 Jun 2011.

This conceptual paper discusses how we can consider a particular city as a smart one, drawing on recent practices to make cities smart.

A set of common multidimensional components underlying the smart city concept are discussed, while core factors for a successful smart city initiative are identified.

Current working definitions of smart cities are explored, and various conceptual relatives similar to smart cities are addressed.

The paper offers strategic principles aligning to the three main dimensions (technology, people, and institutions) of a smart city:

  • integration of infrastructures and technology-mediated services
  • social learning for strengthening human infrastructure
  • governance for institutional improvement and citizen engagement

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