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Background


From ONEM to FOREM
Upon leaving school, unemployment registration is an administrative procedure that every student must undertake. Registration enables them to preserve their right to social security, while remaining temporarily covered by their parents' mutual. Unemployment registration also has other advantages such as the possibility of landing a subsidized job, which for the employer means reduced social contributions or else premiums for hiring.

Up until 1989, unemployment registration had to be done at the ONEM (National Employment Office). Yet passage of the Special Act of August 8, 1980 on institutional reform led to a division of powers at the regional, community and national level. This division took effect in 1989. ONEM retains jurisdiction over managing unemployment insurance while functions delegated to the regions (placement of job-seekers) or communities (occupational training of job-seekers and workers) became the responsibility of newly created organizations:

 
Employment
 
Training
 
Walloon region
 
FOREM
 
FOREM
 
Flemish region
 
VDAB1
 
VDAB
 
German-speaking community
 
ADG2
 
ADG
 
Brussels capital region (French-speaking)
 
ORBEM3
 
Brussels Formation
 
Brussels capital region (Dutch-speaking)
 
BGDA4
 
VDAB
 

1Vlaams Dienst voor Arbeidsbemiddeling en Beroepsopleiding [Flemish Employment and Office Service]
2Arbeitsamt der Deutschsprachigen Gemeinschaft [German-speaking Community Employment Office]
3Office Régional Bruxellois de l'Emploi [Brussels Regional Employment Office]
4BrusselsenGewestelijke Dienst voor Arbeidsbemiddeling [Brussels Employment Office]