1.2. Strategic Context
Difficulties in updating the maps, identifying parcels of land and their subdivisions, recording ownership rights as well as managing all the information led to a consensus to review the cadastral infrastructure in 1985. The Ministry of Natural Resources5 developed a cadastre reengineering program that would span 20 years. The program began after the passage of the Law for Quebec Cadastral Reform in June 1985. This law showed the intention of the legislator to get an accurate and up-to-date record of the division of the territory.
The cadastral system is extremely important since it is closely linked to the system of property rights information dissemination which is under the Ministry of Justice jurisdiction. In addition, the cadastre is a tool that the recording system uses in order to fulfill its mission of property rights information dissemination which includes information delivery to the real estate taxes system. In Quebec, there are 73 recording divisions (real estate property information agencies) encompassing 1,449 cadastres6 which cover 8 to 10% of Quebec territory (the rest of the lands being public).
In summary, the cadastre reengineering consists of three elements:
- The creation of a single cadastre for Quebec territory;
- The assignment of a unique and specific id number for each parcel of land;
- The use of GIS maps for graphical representations and measurements
5The name Ministry of Natural Resources was changed from Ministry of Energy and Resources in the 1990s.
6 The 1449 cadastres included: 56 cities and suburbs cadastres, 410 churches cadastres, 116 villages cadastres, 794 town cadastres, 10 municipalities cadastres, 9 seigneureries cadastres, 23 cadastres without specific designation, 1 cadastre for the North West territory of the New Quebec, and 30 miscellaneous cadastres (Islands, ponds, fiefs, etc.) (Grondin, p. 41).