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Creating a Statewide Spatial Data Repository and GIS Data Cooperative

Summary

Publications & Results

Prototype

Press Releases & News Stories

Partners

Funding Sources

Related Web Sites

Contact Information

Summary
Nearly all government information has a geographic dimension--a street address, a transportation corridor, a river, a city line. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) offer unique opportunities to analyze and compare these disparate types of information, opening up new opportunities to deliver both information and services. The value of GIS and spatial data can be seen most dramatically in applications that promote economic development, public health and safety, and environmental quality. Moreover, these applications share many common information needs.

Experts estimate that up to 80 percent of the cost of GIS is tied to the collection and creation of spatial data. Often, however, data created by one organization can be used by other organizations with similar needs, so sharing can yield considerable efficiencies.

The New York State GIS Cooperative Project, initiated by the NYS Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC), was designed to address some of these issues. The project demonstrated the depth and variety of existing human, technical, and data resources in New York State. It showed the extent to which spatial data needs overlap among key policy and applications areas. It also examined how data sharing strategies can reduce the cost and increase the value of geographic information systems at every level of government and in the private sector. The project identified and examined existing barriers to data sharing and coordination and developed specific recommendations for overcoming those barriers. Finally, the project created a new spatial data resource for New York State, the prototype NYS Spatial Data Clearinghouse.

Publications & Results
Reports and Working Papers (7)
Reports Cover
New Models of Collaboration: GIS Coordination in New York State
Wed, 01 Oct 1998 >Download PDF
Bringing an array of geographic information into a central system provides increased value to users, but coordinating that presents considerable challenges. This report describes how the New York State GIS Coordination Program was initiated and developed. It looks at the problems encountered and solutions tried, and focuses on data sharing and public-private sector partnerships.

IT Innovation in Government: Toward an Applied Research Agenda, Part One: The practitioner perspective
Tue, 01 Oct 1997 >Download PDF
This paper provides the practical perspective of studying government information technology issues. It is one of two papers that served as the background for discussions at an applied research workshop hosted by CTG in October 1997.

IT Innovation in Government: Toward an Applied Research Agenda, Part Two: The researcher perspective
Tue, 01 Oct 1997 >Download PDF
This paper provides the research perspective of studying government information technology issues. It is one of two papers that served as the background for discussions at an applied research workshop hosted by CTG in October 1997.

A Framework for Evaluating Public Sector Geographic Information Systems
Sun, 01 Dec 1995 >Download PDF
Substantial opportunity exists to share spatial data, knowledge, and other resources across programs in the public and private sectors. This report discusses the mechanisms for evaluating public sector geographic information systems (GIS).

Compelling Reasons for GIS Coordination in New York State
Sun, 01 Dec 1995 >Download PDF
Coordinating geographic information collected by different agencies and local governments can help promote three program areas of vital importance in New York State: economic development, environmental conservation, and public health and safety.

Sharing the Costs, Sharing the Benefits: The NYS GIS Cooperative
Sun, 01 Dec 1995 >Download PDF
The New York State Geographic Information System (GIS) Clearinghouse Cooperative project was undertaken to show the extent to which spatial data needs overlap among key policy and applications areas. This report demonstrates how data sharing strategies can reduce the cost and increase the value of GIS.

The New York State Spatial Data Clearinghouse Technical Report
Sun, 01 Dec 1995 >Download PDF
Developing the New York State (NYS) Geographic Information System (GIS) Clearinghouse prototype required the adoption of standards and an effective search mechanism. This report presents how these were implemented in the NYS GIS Clearinghouse project.

Journal Articles and Conference Papers (1)
Journal Article Cover
The Internet, the State Library, and the Implementation of Statewide Information Policy
Mon, 01 Oct 1999 >Download PDF
Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are used by government, researchers, and businesses to support a wide range of activities. This article documents the implementation of an Internet-based GIS Clearinghouse in New York State, and highlights the role of the State Library as a critical implementer and value-added facilitator.

Other Results

The New York State GIS Cooperative Project demonstrated the depth and variety of existing human, technical, and data resources in New York State. It showed the extent to which spatial data needs overlap among key policy and applications areas and examined how data sharing strategies can reduce the cost and increase the value of geographic information systems at every level of government and in the private sector.

Lessons Learned

The NYS Department of Environmental Conservation initiated this project with several specific questions to be answered. The project provided the agency the following lessons:

Prototype
The prototype GIS metadata clearinghouse, built in 1994-95, demonstrated the first attempt in New York State to build a common repository of information about spatial data and make it accessible over the Internet.

Today, the official New York State GIS Clearinghouse is part of a comprehensive statewide GIS Collaboration program. Available on-line through the NYS Office for Technology Web site, the Clearinghouse provides access to both meta data and many spatial data sets. It also contains comprehensive information about New York's Statewide GIS initiative as well as links to GIS tools, education and training opportunities, and GIS resources of the federal government and other states.

Press Releases & News Stories
Press Releases

Information and Technology for Economic Development
Fri, 22 Dec 1995

News Stories

From Prototype to Statewide Resource: The New York State GIS Clearinghouse
Innovations
November 1997

NASCIO Announces Recognition Awards for Outstanding Achievement in the Field of Information Technology
National Association of State Chief Information Officers
1996


Partners

Government Partners

Corporate Partners

Center for Technology Government


Funding Sources
This project was funded by a portion of CTG's New York State budget allocation plus in-kind contributions of professional services, hardware, software, and communications provided by the NYS Department of Environmental Conservation, other state and local government agencies, and ten corporate partners.

Related Web Sites

The Intergovernmental Solutions Program

http://www.albany.edu/igsp/
A partnership between the University at Albany's Rockefeller College of Public Affairs & Policy and New York State to develop a professional learning community focused on intergovernmental effectiveness. Program goals are to capture and share knowledge about how successful intergovernmental work occurs.

NYS GIS Clearinghouse

http://www.nysgis.state.ny.us
New York State's official GIS Clearinghouse and GIS Coordination Program, operated by the NYS Office for Technology

National Geospatial Data Clearinghouse

http://nsdi.usgs.gov/
A component of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI). The Clearinghouse provides a pathway to find information about geospatial or spatially referenced data available from the US Geological Survey.

Federal Geographic Data Committee

http://fgdc.er.usgs.gov/ [ Dead Link ]
A 19 member interagency committee responsible for developing the National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) in cooperation with State, local, and tribal governments; the academic community; and the private sector. The NSDI comprises policies, standards, and procedures for cooperative production and sharing of geographic data.

National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis

http://www.geog.buffalo.edu/ncgia
The University at Buffalo is home to one of the three sites of the National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis (NCGIA), an independent research consortium devoted to basic research in geographic information science and technology.

Contact Information
Center for Technology in Government
University at Albany, SUNY
187 Wolf Road, Suite 301
Albany, NY 12205
(518) 442-3892 (phone)
(518) 442-3886 (fax)